Residual-mean solutions for the Antarctic Circumpolar Current and its associated overturning circulation.
(Marshall, J and Radko, T), JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL OCEANOGRAPHY, vol. 33, no. 11, pp. pages, 2003.
Residual-mean theory is applied to the streamwise-averaged Antarctic Circumpolar Current to arrive at a concise description of the processes that set up its stratification and meridional overturning circulation on an f plane. Simple solutions are found in which transfer by geostrophic eddies colludes with applied winds and buoyancy fluxes to determine the depth and stratification of the thermocline and the pattern of associated (residual) meridional overturning circulation.