John Marshall

Cecil and Ida Green Professor of Oceanography, MIT

ON THE INTERPRETATION OF EDDY FLUXES DURING A BLOCKING EPISODE

ON THE INTERPRETATION OF EDDY FLUXES DURING A BLOCKING EPISODE.

(ILLARI, L and MARSHALL, JC), JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, vol. 40, no. 9, pp. pages, 1983.

Abstract

Using twice daily synoptic charts, objectively analyzed at the National Meteorological Centre, horizontal eddy fluxes of temperature and quasi-geostrophic potential vorticity are computed for the month Of July 1976, when a blocking anticyclone was centered over western Europe. The local time-averaged eddy variance equations are used to provide a dynamical basis for interpreting the spatial pattern of eddy fluxes, and their relation to mean gradients. It is shown that a rotational non-divergent flux can be identified, the cross-gradient component of which balances the mean flow advection of eddy variance. The remaining flux is the dynamically significant one which helps maintain the block and can be understood in terms of a response to sources and sinks of eddy variance.

doi = 10.1175/1520-0469(1983)0402.0.CO;2