John Marshall

Cecil and Ida Green Professor of Oceanography, MIT

The Southern Ocean, carbon and climate

The Southern Ocean, carbon and climate.

(Watson, A., Meredith, M., and Marshall, J.), Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, vol. 372, no. 201920130057, 2014.


The Southern Ocean fascinates us. It retains an aura of mystery from the time of the early European explorers, when to sail through the Straits of Magellan or around Cape Horn was to leave the known world behind. Then, as now, the waters of the Southern Ocean earned a reputation as the roughest and most challenging on the Earth, a test for the bravest of mariners. Many that sailed there never returned.

doi = 10.1098/rsta.2013.0057