Present & Future Oceans
Marine chemistry: distribution of trace elements in the ocean and their use as paleochemical tracers; response of the ocean to anthropogenic lead emissions; relation between dust, iron in the ocean, and marine biological activity.
Ocean circulation: dynamics of the ocean and climate, atmospheric and oceanic turbulence, air-sea interactions, the energetics of the ocean circulation, the impact of ocean physics on biology, and paleoclimate.
Ocean modeling: development of software, computing infrastructure and numerical algorithms for simulation of atmospheric, oceanic and geophysical flows.
Ocean modeling and data assimilation techniques to quantify regional ocean dynamics on multiple scales; new methods for multiscale modeling, uncertainty quantification, data assimilation and the guidance of autonomous vehicles.
Climate and the general circulation of the atmosphere and oceans; development of mathematical and numerical models of key physical and biogeochemical processes, oceans and climate, and paleoclimate.
Laboratory experiments to obtain insight into all manner of dynamical phenomena, from micro-scale diffusive processes to global-scale oceanic wave fields.
Microbial oceanography: study of the relationship between the structure of microbial communities and their function using molecular biology, genomics, and genetics.
Understanding ocean circulation and its implications for climate and paleoclimate by combining global general circulation models and the recently available global data sets.